About 3.8 million people in the United States get concussions each year. Whether you injure your brain in sports, recreational activities, or experience any other type of impact to your head, the team at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine in Westfield and West Orange, New Jersey, and serving serving all of Union county, Morris county, Middlesex county, and Somerset county including the surrounding towns of Cranford, Garwood, Clark, Scotch Plains, Mountainside, Springfield, Summit, Chatham, Millburn, Short Hills, Maplewood, Watchung, Berkeley Heights, Livingston, Union, Edison, Woodbridge, and Elizabeth. Evaluates your symptoms and monitors your progress until you make a full recovery. If you suspect that you have a concussion, don’t hesitate to call Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine or request an appointment online today.

For appointments, call us or book online at any of our convenient locations in Middletown, Morristown, Ridgewood, Westfield, and West Orange.

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that athletes commonly get while playing sports. You can get a concussion after being hit in the head or by rigorously jostling your head. 

Inside your skull, your brain is suspended in cerebrospinal fluid. This prevents it from moving around too much as you make everyday movements and even allows you to tolerate some more mild blows to the head. 

If you’re hit in the head too hard, your brain may knock against the inside of your skull. This is what causes a concussion. In severe cases, this causes bleeding inside or around your brain. As a result, your brain functioning changes temporarily.

What are the symptoms of a concussion?

Concussions have many typical symptoms that vary from case to case. In some cases, you won’t notice any symptoms immediately following your injury. 

Your concussion symptoms might include:

  • Headache
  • Amnesia (memory loss)
  • Confusion
  • Feeling foggy
  • Ear ringing
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Light or noise sensitivity

Other issues might present themselves after your concussion, like changes to your personality. You may not notice them yourself, but someone else will.

How is a concussion diagnosed?

The team at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine includes Credentialed ImPACT® Consultants (CIC). This means that they completed an extensive training program that allows them to provide top-of-the-line concussion assessment and care. 

The team performs neurobehavioral and neuropsychological tests and assesses your symptoms. They may use the Biodex BioSway™ machine to help analyze your balance and coordination. The machine includes a platform for you to stand on and an attached screen. You’re encouraged to make certain movements and changes in your stance with games and training instructions.

The team uses the BioSway throughout your treatment to assess your progress and make sure you’re ready to get back to school, work, or sports once you recover. 

What treatments are available for concussions?

You can’t continue engaging in physical activities or sports until you fully recover and your symptoms dissipate. Your physician at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine might also recommend:

  • Taking time off from school or work, then returning gradually
  • Light non-contact cardiovascular exercise
  • Limiting your TV, smartphone, and computer time
  • Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) to relieve headaches
  • Returning for frequent assessment
  • Physical therapy
  • Vestibular rehabilitation

In concussion cases, the Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine team works closely with physical therapists, neuropsychologists, and other specialists to ensure a rounded treatment approach and a comprehensive recovery.

Your physician lets you know when it is safe to fully resume sports, school, work, or other activities.

Request your concussion evaluation by phone or online at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine promptly after your injury.