Foot pain can keep you from normal daily routines and makes it challenging to focus on anything else. The sports medicine specialists and board certified podiatrist and foot and ankle specialists at Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine in Westfield and West Orange, New Jersey, and serving serving all of Union county, Morris county, Middlesex county, and Somerset county including the surrounding towns of Cranford, Garwood, Clark, Scotch Plains, Mountainside, Springfield, Summit, Chatham, Millburn, Short Hills, Maplewood, Watchung, Berkeley Heights, Livingston, Union, Edison, Woodbridge, and Elizabeth have the skills and experience needed to diagnose and treat foot pain, getting you back in the swing of life. Learn more at a one-on-one consultation. You can schedule a visit online or by phone, so don’t delay.

For appointments, call us or book online at any of our convenient locations in Middletown, Morristown, Ridgewood, Westfield, and West Orange.

What causes foot pain?

The foot is a complex anatomical structure. Foot pain may be caused by many different diseases, deformities, biomechanical conditions, improper footwear, or injuries. Some of the more common complaints about foot pain include:

  • Plantar fasciitis — inflammation in the ligament that runs along the sole of your foot. Because the ligament attaches to the bottom of your heel bone, pain is often felt in your heel as well.
  • Bunions – an inherited condition in which your metatarsal bones are displaced, causing a “bump” at the base of your big toe.
  • Hammertoe – a bending of either one or both joints affecting the second, third, fourth, or little toe.
  • Toenail Fungus – onychomycosis is a type of fungal infection which affects your nail bed underneath your nail
  • Flat feet/pes planus – the shape of the arch of your feet can also result in foot pain and cause injuries to other body parts such as your knees and lower back
  • Trauma- an accident or fall which can cause various injuries to the foot and ankle
  • Ankle sprain- twisting and pulling of the ligaments in your ankle typically caused by a trauma or injury which can cause pain
  • Achilles tendon tear – a tear of the tendon in the back of your ankle caused by trauma or chronic changes
  • Fracture – a break in the bone typically from a trauma that can affect stability of the ankle or foot
  • Ingrown toenails- medically known as onychocryptosis, can result in inflammation of the side of the toe and possibly infection
  • Tendinitis- acute inflammation of the tendons in your foot or ankle

How does arthritis affect the feet?

Many forms of arthritis and related conditions affect the joints, muscles, or bones in the feet. This can result in pain, stiffness, and swelling. Some possible arthritis-related problems that affect the feet include:

  • Osteoarthritis (OA) – a chronic condition characterized by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints. In the foot, osteoarthritis most commonly affects the big toe, but it can also affect the midfoot.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) – a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in joint damage, pain, swelling, inflammation, loss of function, and disability. Rheumatoid arthritis commonly affects the small joints of the feet, often causing symptoms in several joints of both feet. This can lead to the development of corns and bunions and the curling and stiffening of the toes into positions such as claw toe or hammer toe.
  • Gout – a form of arthritis causing excruciating pain and swelling in the big toe – often following a trauma, such as an illness or injury.
  • Infectious arthritis – Also called septic arthritis, infectious arthritis refers to arthritis that is caused by an infection within the joint. Sometimes it is caused by viruses or fungi and can affect the joints of the feet.

How is foot pain treated?

The first way to treat foot pain is to get a proper diagnosis. Genesis Orthopaedic and Spine has state-of-the-art technology such as hi-def and precise X-rays that can diagnose and treat conditions quickly. Their ultrasound exams can diagnose muscle or tendon injuries.  Dr. Maningat can also order additional tests if needed such as MRI and also can treat most conditions in the office. Most conditions can be treated with a PRP injection, Lipogems, or BMAC injection, cortisone injection, Tenjet tenotomy, orthotics, bracing, and physical therapy.  Some will require surgical treatment such as arthroscopy or reconstruction and as a board-certified podiatric surgeon, you are in good hands.